If you have a basement, chances are you have a very important fixture tucked back in the furthest corner: your sump pump. While it’s mostly inconspicuous, your sump pump plays a very important role in protecting your home from water damage by removing groundwater from beneath your home. They’re designed to help safeguard your home’s structure and foundation. Without a sump pump, water can rise up from the ground beneath your home or from heavy rains and flood your basement, creating a costly and annoying mess.
How Does a Sump Pump Work?
So, you know what a sump pump is and why it’s important, but how does it work? How does it know when to kick in and begin pumping water away from the house? It’s simple, really. Beneath the sump pump fixture is a pit that collects water. Once that water hits a certain level, the pump will turn on automatically, begin pumping water from the pit, and divert it through a discharge pipe away from the foundation of the home. The placement of the discharge pipe is important because it has to be placed in a way to ensure the discharged water won’t flow back toward the home’s foundation. The frequency of how often the pump runs is determined by how much moisture is around your home. Think of the sump pump like a toilet tank, which is activated automatically via a float sensor. Your sump pump functions much the same way.
Do You Need a Sump Pump in Your Basement?
Not every home needs a sump pump, but how can you tell if you need one? Well, there are a few signs to look out for, including the following:
- Frequent flooding: While this may seem like common sense if your home is in an area that frequently floods, you will likely need a sump pump to defend the exterior and foundation of your home from water damage.
- Your basement has frequent wet spots: Flooding isn’t the only way your basement can get wet. If your basement floor or walls regularly show signs of dampness, you probably have a problem with your ground water. This issue typically happens in low-lying areas because they’re more prone to collecting water. That’s because the soil has a tougher time draining water efficiently.
- You get a lot of snow or rain: If you live in a part of the country that gets a lot of snow or rainfall, more groundwater will build up around your home, requiring a sump pump to keep your basement dry and your home safe.
If you need help with a sump pump or have any questions, give our Epp Foundation Repair a call to consult with one of our professionals.